At the end of the course the learner should be able to:

1. listen attentively for comprehension and respond appropriately;

2. use listening skills to infer and interpret meaning correctly from spoken discourse;

3. listen and process information from a variety of sources;

4. speak accurately, fluently, confidently and appropriately in a variety of contexts;

5. use non-verbal cues effectively in speaking;

6. read fluently and efficiently;

7. appreciate the importance of reading for a variety of purposes;

8. develop a life-long interest in reading on a wide range of subjects;

9. read and comprehend literary and non-literary materials;

10. read and analyse literary works from Kenya, East Africa, Africa and the rest of the world, and relate to the experiences in these works;

11. appreciate and respect own as well as other people’s culture;

12. make an efficient use of a range of sources of information including libraries, dictionaries, encyclopedias and the internet;

13. use correct spelling, punctuation and paragraphing;

14. use a variety of sentence structures and vocabulary correctly;

15. communicate appropriately in functional and creative writing;

16. write neatly, legibly and effectively;

17. use correct grammatical and idiomatic forms of English;

18. think creatively and critically;

19. appreciate the special way literary writers use language;

20. appreciate the universal human values contained in literary works.